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APA Citation Generator - Effective Way of Citing Sources Correctly

Book Book Section Journal Periodical Website
(Sixth Edition)

If you need to create an academic paper in APA, you should know that formatting citations in this style may cause some difficulties. However, today, the problem with organizing citations can be solved easily, as there is an excellent APA citation generator. By using this online tool, you will be able to not only arrange citations appropriately but also save much time which you can spend on other assignments.

The APA generator can format the citations which you want to include in your work in a few minutes only. Therefore, if you are uncertain about how to cite sources, utilize the mentioned tool without hesitation. In this way, you can be sure that your piece of writing will be perfect in terms of format.

Below, you will find useful information about how to construct and format your paper in APA. What is more, you will learn to avoid plagiarism, and format in-text citations and the sources indicated on the reference page and bibliography. Thus, keep reading!

Why Is It Necessary to Make Citations?

When producing academic papers, you will probably refer to the projects done by other researchers in order to highlight the topic in the best way. In such a case, you will be required to give credit to the author of the publication you are using (unless the facts you are imparting are public knowledge). If you fail to cite the sources you have referred to correctly, you may be accused of plagiarism what in its turn may lead to unpleasant consequences. You may not only get an unsatisfactory grade but also be expelled from your educational establishment. Nevertheless, you should not be afraid of such a nightmare scenario. Try our free APA citation generator to quickly and, what is the most important, correctly arrange citations.

Note that proper citations are not only the means of avoiding plagiarism. This is an effective method of proving that your study is valid and occupies a right niche in the academic writing area. Properly formatted sources are the so-called confirmation of the accuracy of the statements and conclusion you make in your paper. Though citing sources is a real challenge for many students, it is a great way of improving the quality of one’s project.

Do you want arranging papers in the APA format to be easy and stress-free? It is possible if to use our outstanding program designed for formatting in-text citations and organizing reference pages.

What Is APA and How to Cite Sources in This Style?

The APA style is the mode that uses the author-date pattern. It means that the scholar’s last name and publishing date has to be placed in the parentheses when another resource is mentioned in the text.

At first, this style has been applied to papers written in social sciences. However, now, it is widely used for arranging academic works within other fields of study. As to our APA citation machine, it has a built-in mode based on the latest edition of APA. Thus, we are certain that our clients will be issued accurately formatted sources.

It is necessary to state that there are two kinds of citations one can come across when dealing with an APA formatting essay. The first kind is known as in-text (parenthetical) citations. You should add these citations when transferring data from other projects into your own work. Such citations are usually short and are located in the paper body right after the borrowed material.

Another kind of citations is the reference citations. They are usually located on the last page of your piece of writing. These citations are the full version of the in-text citations that appear in the body section. They should follow one another and be listed in an alphabetical order.

On should know that the mentioned kinds of citations differ from each other. In-text citations consist of three items such as author’s last name, publication year and the number of page where the material is taken from. As to reference citations, they include author’s name, publication year, source title, and URL. Both types of citations can be easily formatted with the help of our APA citation maker.

How to Arrange Citations Appropriately?

As it has already been said, citations have to be included in the text every time you refer to another source in your academic work. Whether you paraphrase someone’s words, mention some images, or other material taken from the project of another author, the citation you make has to indicate the source the information has been gathered from.

Depending on the kind of citation, one has to apply specific patterns. Still, some citations can be organized according to the accepted format:
Writer’s Surname, First initial. (Publishing Date). Title. Retrieved from web address
One should keep in mind that each source has to be cited accordingly. For example, books are formatted in one way, while online resources in an absolutely another one. The same is with periodicals, journals, newspapers, etc.

If you desire to make the process of citing sources easy, use our automatic APA citation generator.

Down below, there are main rules for organizing both in-text citations and references for each type of sources.

Therefore, when making reference to a resource in the APA essay format, whether it is visual material, idea, concept, or direct quote, you need to:
Embed an in-text citation (author’s surname and publication date in parentheses) right after the direct quote.
Embed an in-text citation at the end of the phrase where the source is mentioned but not quoted directly.
Include the page number in parentheses after the date in case you refer to a specific page or unit of the source.
When citing a publication with the number of authors ranging from three to five, it is necessary to indicate all surnames in the first in-text citation. The following citations should contain the first writer’s surname which is followed by et al.
If you use a word-for-word idea expressed by another author, insert an in-text citation right after it.
If you reword the concepts described by another academician, an in-text citation should be included as well.
If the source has six or more authors, it is required to indicate the surname of the first author followed by et al. in all citations.
Below, you will find an example of in-text citations arranged according to APA style paper formatting:
Today, professors use different modern technologies to make the educational process more interesting (Calvin & McNell, 2016).
Insert the date after the writer’s surname if the writer’s name has been mentioned in the sentence.
E.g., According to the research conducted by Calvin and McNell (2016), professors different modern technologies to make the educational process more interesting.

Note that references have to be presented on a separate page at the end of the text. The items on a reference page have to be arranged in an alphabetical order according to the author’s surname.

Now, let us find out how to organize different kinds of sources when writing papers in APA.

Authors’ Names

Authors’ names are given in reverse manner. Provide the first and middle name initials and end the entry with a period, i.e. Last name, O.P.
E.g., Martin, D.V.

Two or more Authors

When two or more academicians work on the study, they have to be indicated in the order they are mentioned in the very study.
E.g., Martin, R.K., & Walsh, J. B., Woodword, A., Jefferson, O., & She, R.
In case of eighth authors, mention only the first six writers, add three ellipses, and add last researcher’s name.
E.g., McLave, K., Calvin, J. K., Williams, E., Perison, S., Marco, J., Tissen, T., …Chang, K.
If you use our citing engine, you all the authors’ credentials within citations will be arranged appropriately, whether it is an APA format for an essay or any other one.

Publication Data

The publishing date follows the author’s name. For the newspapers, it is necessary to state the full date, for magazine articles – month and year, for journals and other resources – a year. If the date is unknown, type n.d. meaning “no date.”

Citing Newspapers

Silver, K. (2016, March 12). Council changes the name of 10th Street Sunset. The Mail Post. Retrieved from


The 1st word of both title and subtitle has to be capitalized. The 1st letter capitalization is also applied to the names of places, people, and other proper nouns.
In the citation, book and report titles have to be arranged in italics. On the contrary, no italics are used when it goes about chapters and articles in APA.

The first letter of each word in titles of magazines, newspapers, and other periodicals is capitalized. The whole title is italicized.
Pay attention that in APA, titles are neither underlined nor put in quotation marks. They may/may not be italicized. To know whether to put italics or not follow this rule: if the resource stands alone – italicize the title, if the resource is a part of a large project – do not use italics.

For instance, the titles of TV shows, books, etc., are italicized since they are independent, while those of chapters, songs, articles, etc. are not italicized, as they are just small sections of large works.

Publication Details

When citing reports and books, mention the location, i.e. city and state (country). State names are not typed fully. Instead, an abbreviation including two letters is used. The names of places outside the USA should be typed fully. Once a location is provided, put a colon and enter the publisher the name of which can be presented briefly. However, if the words “Press” or “Book” are the part of the name, mention them in citations. Such terms as Co., Inc., etc. can be omitted.

When dealing with newspapers, journals, and other periodical publications, the issue and volume number are to be included after the title. The italicized volume number goes first, and is followed by that of an issue which is put in parentheses (no italics).

In case a university or college is the publisher, and the name of location is a part of school data, information about the publisher is excluded from the citation. Once the data about place and publisher is provided, end a citation with a period.

Electronic Sources

When citing webpages, DOI and URL are presented at the citation end. In APA, DOI is preferable to URL. If DOI is unavailable, provide URL.
When using DOI, follow this format:
When using URL, the following pattern is applied:
Retrieved from http://
If URL is very long, break it before the following punctuation mark.
No period is placed at the end of a citation.
Retrieval dates as well as headings of databases are not included in the citation.

Books with One Author

E.g., Faulkner, W. (1930). As I lay dying. New York, NY: Sunny.

Two (or more) Authors

E.g., Sanders, S. G., & Hunter, L. E. (2004). The role of modern technologies in teaching. Oxford: University Press.

Chapters of Printed Edited Books

Last name of the chapter writer, 1st initial, Middle initial. (Publishing year). Chapter name. In 1st initial, Middle initial. Editor’s last name (Ed.), Book name (pp-xx). City, State: Publishing house.

Chapters of Online Edited Books

Last name of the chapter writer, 1st initial. Middle initial. (Publishing year). Chapter name. In 1st initial. Editor’s surname (Ed.), Book name [Electronic version, if utilized] (pp. xx-xx). or Retrieved from http://yyy

Books in the Electronic Mode Accessible on the Web

Author’s Last Name, 1st initial. Middle initial. (Publishing year). Project title [E-book version]. or Retrieved from http://abc

Electronic Books Accessed on a Database

Capitalization applied to the first letter of a title and all proper nouns.
Author’s Surname, 1st initial. Middle initial. (Publishing year). Book title. or Retrieved from http://abc
To make citing e-books easier, use our modern citation machine!

Printed Journal Articles

Author’s Last name, 1st initial. Middle initial. (Publishing year). Article title. Periodical heading, Volume(Issue ID), page scope.
E.g. Martin. J.E., Wallen, O. P. Thorton, J. P., & Commings U. R. (2015). The summit: The end of war. International Studies Summary, 12(3), 123- 135.

Online Journal Articles

If no DOI is available, indicate the source URL.
Author’s Last name, 1st initial. Middle initial. (Publishing year). Article heading. Periodical title, Volume(Issue ID), pages.
E.g. Lee, O. R., Pitt, S. A., & Braun, E. (2007). Grammar, punctuation, and stylistic issues that arise in the course of writing. Science, 234(6862), 335-339.
Do you need assistance in citing sources? Or citations generator is here for you!

Printed Newspaper Articles

Author's Surname, 1st initial. Middle initial. (Publishing Year, Month, Day). Article title. Newspaper name, pages.
E.g., Slone, A. (2004, January 7). Aliens on Earth. The Washington Post, p. A3.
Number of pages: If an article is one page in length, type ‘p.’ For the articles longer than one page, type ‘pp.’
In case an article is provided on non-sequential pages, they (pages) should be separated with a comma.
E.g., pp. K3, K4, K5, K6

Web Newspaper Articles

Author’s Surname, 1st initial. Middle initial. (Publishing Year, Month, Date). Article heading. Newspaper heading. Retrieved from Internet address of the newspaper homepage
E.g., Smith, A. (2001, October 10). University sportsmen demand lower tuitions. Mail Post. Retrieved

Printed Magazine Articles

Author’s Surname, First initial. Middle initial. (Publishing Year, Month). Article name. Magazine heading, Volume(Issue), pages.
E.g., Miller, D. (2011, November). Icebergs as a Danger to People’s Lives. Natural Science Magazine, 212(3), 52.


Author’s Surname, First initial. (Publishing Year, Month, Date). Website name. Retrieved from web address

Formatting Websites in APA

Davis, J. (2011, April 7). What are the reasons for earthquakes? Retrieved from


Writer’s Surname, 1st initial. Middle initial. (Year, Month, Posting date). Blog entry name [Blog entry]. Retrieved from web address
E.g., Moore, A. (2012, July 22). The Influence of White Orchids on People’s Mood [Blog entry]. Retrieved from

PhD Dissertations Available on a Database:

Surname, 1st initial. Middle initial. (Publishing year). Dissertation/thesis title (Master’s thesis or PhD dissertation). Retrieved from Database name. (Accession or Order No. abababab).
E.g., Harris, D. A. (2012). The connection between university libraries and students’ success rates: International research (PhD dissertation). Retrieved from US PhD Dissertations. (45GFF12FR454R23J).

Annotated Bibliography

An annotated bibliography is a piece of writing that provides references to the sources used for preparing an academic paper together with their description. It should be stated that each of the entries presented on a bibliography page is usually described in one paragraph.
One more thing you should bear in mind when writing academic papers is that appendices have to be provided on a separate page after the list of references.

Citing sources is not always easy. Many students experience considerable difficulties when formatting the resources they have used for producing their writing projects. If you are assigned to write a paper in APA and do not know how to arrange sources, use our online citation generator. Within a few minutes, you will be given correctly organized sources.

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